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Lecture 13

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David Young

Fox 1 Lecture 13 SOCIOL 2S06 Monday October 21, 2013 PARTY  A voluntary association that is organized for the collective pursuit of interests Bases for Party  A formal political party  Special class-related interests o Ex: Trade union represents working class interests  Non-economic or status-related concerns o Ex: National action committee on the status of women  A pressure group or special interest organization o Ex: Canadian taxpayers Association, Planned Parenthood  They all have one thing in common: Sense of group consciousness o Party has something in common with social class and status group  They possess a sense of group consciousness  A social class or status group can become a party o To become a party it must have two specific things: Formal organization and administrative staff POWER, DOMINATION, AND AUTHORITY Power  Weber defined power as “the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance”  There are two basic problems on Weber’s definition of power o Some sociologists argue that this definition is too broad  Ex: Could apply to a situation where a criminal is holding a victim at gunpoint while robbing him; the criminal has a very high probability of getting his own way without any resistance o Seems to allow power relations to be temporary  The power that the criminal has over the victim at gunpoint is only temporary; as soon as he has finished stealing the goods and runs away, the power relation disappears Domination  Refers to power relations that involve persistent patterns of social inequality  Weber saw domination as a special case of power  The distinction between power and domination allows us to set aside any of those situations where power is only temporary  A situation where a subordinate group will accept that subordinate position in a sustained ongoing arrangement, obeying the commands of the dominant group  Argues that classes, status groups and parties are the principle bases for exercising domination TYPES OF DOMINATION Legitimate Authority  Subordinates comply because they accept the right of others to rule over them Illegitimate Authority  Subordinates do not accept the right of others to rule over them, but they comply anyway  They comply due to the threat of physical force, or due to the absence of realistic options  Ex: Dictatorship – Subordinates do not usually accept the right of the dictator to rule over them, but comply anyways because they may be killed or there is no other option TYPES OF LEGITIMATE AUTHORITY Traditional Authority  Based on long-standing principles  Subordinates comply because they accept the right of others to have authority over
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