SOCPSY 1Z03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Observational Learning, Feral Child, Tantrum
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•The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, knowledge, values,
motives and roles appropriate to their position in a group or society (Delamater, p.
23). AKA, how we function in society
•Pgs 50-63 in text not necessary
•Genie: the girl who was trapped in her room by her parents until she was rescued
at age 13. She lacked basic motor and language skills.
•The nature vs. Nurture debate
Types of socialization:
1. Primary socialization: Children learn appropriate behaviour. How to act in
2. Secondary socialization: more specific to particular sub-groups in society.
Learning how to act outside of the home, ex: at school, with friends etc. Or when
doctors enter the field they learn how to behave with patients, versus how they
acted in the learning environment.
3. Anticipatory socialization: Behaving in a rehearsed manner, for example if
you go to a job interview you imagine yourself in the role of already having the job
and act accordingly. Thinking ahead/anticipating the role, before u actually enter
4. Re-socialization: Discarding former patterns of behaviour and taking on
new ones. Ex: going to rehab. Total institutions ex: prison.
•Perspectives on socialization: from Macro: the society--Sociological: Interpretive
theory (discovery of the meanings common to the social group, emphasis on the
role of communication and cultural routines in learning process) and Social
structural (socialization is organized according to the SEQUENCE OF SOCIAL
ROLES that individuals occupy across the life course-- ex. Son, student, parent).
To Micro: the individual-- Psychological-- Development theory (timing and
sequencing of physical/psychological development in early childhood) and Social
learning theory (acquisition of cognitive and behavioural skills in INTERACTION
with the environment).
•Genie, feral child:
1. Primary socialization largely absent for her, limited social interaction with
parents; confined to room and specific situations (ex. feeding). Key processed
identified by social learning theory absent (ex: instrumental conditioning- she didn't
get to learn which behaviour elicit a positive/negative result in society, aka how to
function/behave in society). External and internal motivation/reinforcement
(internal= when you have internalized ideas that u use to control/moderate your
behaviour, ex. Writing neatly). Observational learning: she had very little
opportunity to observe even basic behaviours, or more complex behavioural
patterns (ex. Dressing, greeting people)
•Language acquisition: without lang. Acquisition, children are unable to
successfully undergo more complex socialization and learn about the values,
norms and standards of a particular culture. Genie initially demonstrated little
aptitude for the 2 components of language: the sound system (phonology), Words
and their associated meaning (lexicon), and rules of combining words into
meaningful utterances (grammar). Evidence for the critical period hypothesis?
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