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1.2 ARTH 213, September 14th

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Queen's University
Art History
ARTH 214
Cathleen Hoeniger

ARTH 213 Renaissance Art and Architecture Friday, September 14 th Introduction to the characteristics and terminology used to describe the styles of the Renaissance in painting, architecture and sculpture  Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) o “The genius of Giotto was of such excellence that there was nothing produced by nature…which he did not depict by means of the stylus, pen, or brush with such truthfulness that the result seemed to be not so much similar to one of her works as a work of her own…he may rightly be called one of the lights in the glory of Florence” o Describes the Renaissance through the image of a life cycle or a rising sun  Naturalism  Some of the art was based on recreating exact models of an earlier representation o Giotto, Joachim Takes Refuge in the Wilderness, Arena Chapel, Padua, c. 1302-1305  Virgin Mary’s father  Her parents were having a hard time conceiving, believed that God was angry at them  Considered revolutionary in terms of nationalism  In early Italian art, there’s naturalism in the details, even though the composition as a whole is quite the opposite  The drapery is not completely flat, it has shape  Characterization in the faces – they aren’t all formulaic  Highlights and shadows on the rock gives it some depth, but it still looth extremely small – special depth occurred more often in the 15 century  A lot of what survives from the Middle Ages is in manuscripts  Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Good Government in the Country, 1338-1339, Siena o Overview landscape (aerial perspective) – the artists seem to be looking down on the landscape o Notice the rolling hills in the background Painting in the 15 century  Perspective and geometry – surface and space  The intellectual among the artists would study geometry in order to work 3D space onto a 2D canvas  Antonio del Pollaiuolo, St. Sebastian, 1474-1475, London, National Gallery o Was on trial by the Roman governors, and still held onto his Christian faith o He was a martyr o Survived the arrows through the power of his faith o Still using aerial perspective o There is a foreground, a middle ground, and distance backgrounds o Using this plateau composition, he’s trying to guide your eyes into the background, into the depth of the space, with the river flowing through o Two bowman in front are reflecting each other, one facing St. Sebastian, the other facing us o Surface and spatial geometry reveal the symmetry of composition  Some people at the time believed that math (geometry) was the key to understanding the universe – this appears in works of art of a sacred nature Architecture in the 15 century  Rejection of “gothic” and the emulation of ancient Roman monuments  Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris, West Façade, about 1200-1250 o Gothic o Pointed arch – which would be rejected by the Renaissance artists, who would opt instead for rounded arches o Resembles the structure of
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