Class Notes (835,673)
Canada (509,326)
Biology (1,284)
BIOL 110 (104)
Lecture

Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders

3 Pages
73 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 110
Professor
Gordon Dueck
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 14: Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders  Sexual and gender identity disorder: full range of human sexual thoughts, feelings and actions that are generally regarded as abnormal and dysfunctional  Sexual identity  our sense of ourselves as male or female  Sexual Orientation  our preference for the sex of a partner Characteristics of Gender Identity Disorder (GID)  Transsexualism  people with gender identity disorders are sometimes referred to as this; they feel deep within themselves (usually from early childhood) that they are of the opposite sex  Transvestism  cross-dress for sexual pleasure but do not identify themselves as of opposite sex (GIDNOS)  They may want to pass as a member of the opposite sex or even have surgery  GID is different from GIDNOS (gender identity disorder not otherwise) since that involves symptoms that meet GID but there are some symptoms that do not  In childhood – associated with cross-gender behaviours  dressing in opposite-sex clothes, preferring opposite- sex playmates, and engaging in play that would be more typical of the opposite sex  They are usually recognized by their parents at age 2-4 & GID is 6.6x more frequent in boys than girls:  Social factors associated with disorder and many factors determine decision to seek clinical assessment  Belief that the behaviour was no longer a phase that the child would grow out of  Threshold violation (wanting to dress certain way outside of home also)  Belief that the child was experiencing intense distress about being a boy or girl  Concerns about potential or actual rejection by peers  Most children with GID do not grow up to be disordered in adulthood, even without professional intervention; many demonstrate homosexual orientation  GID people often experience anxiety and depression  GID in childhood is linked with separation anxiety disorder  Prevalence rate  1/30,000 (men)  1/100,000-150,000 (women) Causes of Gender Identity Disorder  More information is needed on the cause of GID in order to resolve this debate  Evidence indicates that gender identity is influenced by hormones  Other research shows that human and other primate offspring of mothers who have taken sex hormones during pregnancy frequently behave like members of the opposite sex and have anatomical abnormalities  or they necessarily do not have abnormal gender identity but they sometimes did exhibit some cross-sex behaviours  Brain structures differences are also being investigated  Environment may play a huge factor as well (male patients report having distant relationships with their fathers; females often report history of physical/sexual abuse) Therapies for Gender Identity Disorder  There are 2 main types  one attempts to alter the body to suit the person’s psychology  the other is designed to alter the psychology to match the person’s body Body Alterations  Prior to body alterations the person is required to go through 6-12 months of psychotherapy  The therapy focuses on anxiety & depression as well as options available to the person on altering their body  Some people may chose just to have cosmetic surgery (facial hair, Adam’s apple removal etc), and take hormone pills  Sex reassignment surgery: an operation in which the existing genitalia are altered to make them more like those of the opposite sex female-to-male surgery were more successful than male-to-female  It is much more frequently exercised by men than by women  Preoperative factors that resulted in postsurgery success was based on: o Reasonable emotional stability o Successful adaptation in th
More Less

Related notes for BIOL 110

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit