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CLST; November 1, 2011 Athenian Democracy.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Tues Nov 1, 2011 Athenian Democracy Cont’d - as discussed from last class, democracy spoken of in ancient Greece greatly contrasts from that of modern democracy - in our gvn’t, choose reps to represent us - Athens: direct democracy, as they had the opportunity to make decisions Boule - council of 500, members had to be at least 30, they were elected by law, but depended on size ofthe demes was as to how many seats were available in the council - made decisions on important issues, agenda of ekklesia, army, examines disabled, building inspection, trials Pentakosiomedimnoi Hippeis Zeugitai Thetes : classes of property - until 458/7 BC, arkhontes chosen only from first 2 property groups - in 4th cent BC, the lowest group could hold the charge - Hippeis: calvary men, 500-200? very important not just for boule, but for election of other magistrates - arkhontes, very old in Athens, up to middle 5th cent BC, they were chosen just from the first 2 property groups 9 arkhontes: arkhon eponymous (year of Athens) arkhon basileus (King Arkhon): mentioned his wife, 2nd day: procession of wedding of Dionysus. In charge of religious matters Polemarkhos: dealt with war, but later, after Reform of Ephialtes, figure didn’t have any duties about war, but was involved in trials where a foreigner was involved 6 Thesmothetai: duties in..... 462 BC Reform of Ephialtes 501 BC, New office Strategos = military commander, 1 from each of 10 new tribes - these officials were elected, not chosen by luck unlike magistrates spoken about, important to hold this position, had to campaign and gain favour of citizens to be elected, lots of power, military power. Ex: member of boule could be member of boule just twice, but strategos can be elected for many years without any interruption, ex. we know Perikles strategos end 50’s to 431 BC, shows how important Perikles was in Athens - having these offices could also be politicians, they could work in order to move the people to make some decision/support their decisions Hellenotamiai = another office by election, they were persons in charge of the league ….. Athens was most important member of the league was made to something about Persians. Persians still a problem for Greeks, especially Athenians - money: important to have it for the city itself, public buildings, in order to make system a working system, later in the 1st century, members of boule and jurors paid for their services. To be jurors, was a duty of the citizens Ten Treasures of Athene: they had to manage money that came from offerings made to the goddess. For ex: bronze, silver, gold objects offered to the goddess, we know that in some periods of difficulty, metals used for coins Dokimasia: scrutiny - at the end of their office, they needed to make a report as to what they did, before starting, they needed to go under dokimasia to verify that person is liable and can take the office - ask if parents well, preform mandatory military service, pay taxes, produce witness, put question of if anyone wishes to bring charge against the man, if accuser appears, defence herd, matter decided by show of hands in boule or by ballot in jury-court - know few cases, scholars able to cou
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