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CLST101 Lecture 23.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

CLST101 Lecture 23 - Monday, November 4, 2013. Drakin's text of Law c. 621 BCE Solon 590s BCE - Drakin lived in the 7th century BCE - Wrote a code of law - First first person to distinguish deliberate homicide from an unintentional homicide - Laws considered extremely important even if they were later modified by the actions of Solon - All of the laws about homicide and related crimes once established by Drakin were still considered the ones to follow - End of 5th century BCE, laws about homicide and related crimes were republished, written in stone and put on display in the agora of Athens - There wasn't a public persecutor so the relatives of the person who was killed moved the charge against the killer - An evolution in the kind of punishments and what was considered a serious crime and what was not Outlawry Atimia = deprivation of time (honour) - Didn't have any political rights - Deprived of any property and possibility to be part of the political system of Athens - At the beginning, Atimia and outlawry were the same concept - At a certain point at the end of the 5th century BCE, there was a distinction between Atimia and outlawry - Atimia was considered a less important crime - 415 BCE charge of mocking the Elusian mysteries - Persons put on trial for that were under the umbrella of outlawry and not Atimia so all of their properties were confiscated What kind of crimes could give Atimia to a person? - Not to be able to pass the scrutiny at the end of their office (had to undergo a scrutiny at the beginning and at the end there was an audit so all of the finances were double-checked and after that everyone had the power to move a charge against the person) - Actions that acted against the interests of the city of Athens - Inscription recording property confiscated from those found guilty over the profanation of Mysteries and mutilation of the Herms in 415 BCE - Fragment of a bigger inscription - Finances were important in a city like Athens because: - participants in the Ekklesia or jurors were to be paid - The state needed cash to pay these people - Public streets, roads, general functioning of the city, etc. - Army Income and Expenditure - Taxes, fees, fines - Poletai = sellers (one from each of the 10 phylai [or tribes of Athens]) - No imprisonment in Ancient Athens so they didn't keep people in jail for a period of their life - People who were in jail were just there for a short time before their execution for example - Most serious punishments were exiling, execution and some different fines which depended on the crime - Citizens were supposed to pay taxes - The foreign people had to pay a tax for staying in Athens - Some fees which were applied to all of the goods which were traded using the harbour of Athens (tax of 2% was applied to everything which arrived and everything which left) - Taxes on properties How much money was needed? How much was possible for the Athenians to get? Thucydides, Peloponnesian War, 2. 11, 3-5 - 600 talents - There were tributes - Money from tributes were not just used to the league of which Athens was the leader - A peculiar system Athens had: - Some fees which were applied to all the merchandise which arrived or left the harbour - The collection of these fees and the taxes which were applied to the traders was collected by private collector who at the beginning of the year, paid in advance the amount which was supposed to be at the end of the year to the state of Athens - It was extremely important to be very good in bidding because if it happened that the money which was given to the state was more than the money they were able to collect at the end of the year, this caused problems to the person who lost money Leasing of silver mines in the Laureion districts - slaves of aristocrats of Athens who sent them to work there - City of Athens from the leasing of the mines got a lot of profit - Poletai accounts, lease of the Laureion mines, 367/6 BCE - How did the Athenians used to name the year? Official documents specify something happened during the kingshi
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