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CLST 100 Lecture Notes - Graphe Paranomon, Northern Greece, Water Clock

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

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Graphe writ
Graphe paranomon writ concerning illegal proposal
Dike suit
Sukophantes (pl. sukophantai vexatious litigants
If a person was a victim of a crime they could choose to press charges or not
Trials lasted only one day in Athens
The accused represented themselves (no lawyers to talk on their behalf)
The rich could hire people to write their speeches
A water clock was used to tell time during trials. If time was needed to be
stopped the hole in the clock was covered
Water clock klesydra
It was possible to call witnesses
o Normally close friends and intimate family members were called but
when it came time for needing evidence in court anyone who was
present at the time was called on
Women and slaves could not be witnesses
Athenian bronze-ballots
o The hollow ballet was for guilty
o The full ballot was for innocent
o To keep the ballot secret they covered the hole so no one could see
whether they were hollow or full
When the trial was over the jurors received lead token to be paid for their
In prisons there were war prisoners etc., but also people waiting to be
Prisons were small because people only stayed there for a short time (since
they were either exiled, executed, or let go)
Atimia deprivation of “time” (honour)
Income and Expenditure
Taxes, fees, fines
Poletai sellers
o One from each of the 10 phylai (tribes)
Another way the state made income was through
o Leasing of the silver mines in the Laureion districts
o Leasing of pubic land
Litourgia (pl. litourgiai) liturgy (not religious)
o Way of having the richest citizens of the city to provide the expenses
of warships, etc. (trierarchy)
Richest citizen of the city couldn’t have more than one liturgy at a time
Although a large expense it gave the citizen a lot of honour
In some cases the citizen said he knew someone who was richer than him
Only Athenian citizens could be called to have the trierarchy
o Whoever paid was the commander and therefore they only wanted a
citizen to do the job
Training and equipment of the chorus, which performed in festivals in
honour of Dionysos or Apollo or Athena
Considered a great honour
Antidosis exchange of properties (possible but have no recorded evidence)
Elsphora (pl. Elsphorai) property taxes
378/7 BCE the system was overhauled
Another concern for the economy of Athens was grain supply, which was
imported from:
o Northern Greece
o Black Sea
o Sicily
o Egypt
Sitophulakes grain inspectors