Other that the higher magistrates, there were 600/700 officials in the 4th century bce, probably more in the 5th century, when the city also administered her empire. About 5% of the total population with political rights held offices every year in the 4th century bce. Grammateis: secretaries to the boule and the ekklesia. Prominent citizens with good connections abroad, sent for negotiation with other cities. Made up of former arkhons, it was the oldest council of the city. No clear distinction between executive, legislative and judicial branches. Eliaia (or heliaia): the jury-courts, also called dikasteria. Dike: lawsuit can be brought only by the victim or his/her legal representatives. Graphe: public suit, can be brought by any adult male citizen in good standing. Graphe paranomon: public indictment concerning illegal proposals in the assembly. The prosecutor in the presence of witnesses had to issue an oral summons to appear before the appropriate magistrate or judicial board at a specified date and time.