Hist 286, week 2 lecture 4, sept 21. Fruits of progress: social and political change, 1880-1920. A dual society, a flaw with this idea is that the backwards agricultural techniques are low cost, low risk and very well adapted to their land. The paradox of elite political power: how politics worked at the ground level. In many la countrysides it wasn"t uncommon for workers to work the same lands for the rest of their lives and down generations. Patriarchial society reigned in the countrysides and influenced the countries politics. Landowners lived majority of the year in the capitals but returned to their lands/country estates so that their workers could vote for them in any time of election. Members of the elite had to function well in both sides of the world, and be able to converse with their workers/people: controlled democracies and modernizing dictatorship. Dictators didn"t rule with just brute force but with the help of affluent elites.