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Lecture 4

Hist 122 Semester 2, Week 4.docx

5 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 122
Professor
Amitava Chowdhury

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Semester 2, Week 4 Hist 122 Global Imperialism I. Understanding New Imperialism Imperialism: Old and New  Natural resources  Political enemies  Wealth  Territorial expansion  Glory  Imperialism: domination and loss of sovereignty New Imperialism: 1800-1914  From 1770-1900: o GB: 50 colonies o FR: 33 o Germany: 13 o USA: 6 o Netherlands: 4 o Russia: 3 o Italy: 3 o Spain: 3 o Japan: 2 o Portugal: 2 o Belgium: 1 New Imperialism: Features  Decline of Qing and Ottoman Empires o Power vacuum emerges  Nationalist sentiments o Push for foreign colonies  Industrialization  Maritime knowledge o Europeans had more  Global interconnectedness – trade and migration  Hegemony, ideology, and racism  Anti-colonial nationalism New Imperialism: Phases 1. Sub-imperialism 2. Transition phase 3. High imperialism Sub-Imperialism: Traders and Settlers  Engaged in trading with other country and set up trade posts  only handful of Europeans  OR set up of settler societies where Europeans became dominant  Two models: trading and settler colonies  Settler colonies: o Massive migration o Extension of civil and political liberties o Eventual eclipse of the colonizers Transitions: Unequal Trade  Economic penetration o Acquiring goods without middle man  Example: o The British in Chine  The First Opium War (1839-1841) – coastal occupation  Treaty of Nanking (1842) – including Hong-Kong  Second Opium War (1856-1860) – trade terms; extraterritoriality High Imperialism  Projection of the nation-state  Extension of European Civil War  Modern weaponry  Knowledge Formal and Informal Imperialism  Imperialism of military might – formal imperialism o India; African continent  Imperialism of free trade – informal imperialism o S. America; S. E. Asia Movies of Imperialism:  Economic: o Individual entrepreneurs – Cecil Rhodes o Corporations – rubber, tin, metals, petroleum o Market and migration  Creating new markets  Places for Europeans to move  Political: o Geopolitical control  Competing amongst nations o Averting European wars  Religious: o Christian missionaries o Reaching the interior o Knowledge  Other motives: o Psychological o Curiosity Tools of Empire  Transportation technology o Railroads o Steam powered gunboats (Nemesis)  New canals (Suez and Panama)  Communication technology o Te
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