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Lecture 5

HLTH 237 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Andrew Sherratt, Social History, Stimulant

by OneClass31962 , Winter 2013
4 Pages
67 Views
Winter 2013

Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 237
Professor
Ron Shore
Lecture
5

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Andrew Sherratt
Contributed to our understanding of consumption habits
Seen as social activities
The ways in which people use psychoactive substances is
situated in beliefs and social practices
In order to understand drug use, you have to understand the
meaning of the drug to the users
Drug
o A category of substances taken into human body for
purposes other than nutrition
Medicinal preparations
Changes in body chemistry to achieve
psychological rather than physiological effects
o Constrained by law
o Misleading
Human beings use drugs to alter their mental
states
o Ignores other aspects of consumption
Eg preparation, different ways of consumption
Ef food or drink
o Modern societies have made drugs a commodity
Modern society has made more powerful and pure
psychoactive substances
Dangerous and not used like traditional practises
in the past
Cultural Anthropology
Study of culture and society
o Includes beliefs, practices that shape personalities
o Shared ideas and practices
o Unconscious structures that guide behaviours
o Shared symbols
o Individual and group identities
o Social rituals
o Norms and behaviours
All are formed from culture and society
Altered States of Consciousness
Bourguignon
o Altered states can be a continuum
o Starts from REM sleep to possession
o Hallucinations as mid point
Culture adds meaning to these experiences
o Medical views possession and pathological

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Description
Andrew Sherratt  Contributed to our understanding of consumption habits  Seen as social activities  The ways in which people use psychoactive substances is situated in beliefs and social practices  In order to understand drug use, you have to understand the meaning of the drug to the users  Drug o A category of substances taken into human body for purposes other than nutrition  Medicinal preparations  Changes in body chemistry to achieve psychological rather than physiological effects o Constrained by law o Misleading  Human beings use drugs to alter their mental states o Ignores other aspects of consumption  Eg preparation, different ways of consumption  Ef food or drink o Modern societies have made drugs a commodity  Modern society has made more powerful and pure psychoactive substances  Dangerous and not used like traditional practises in the past Cultural Anthropology  Study of culture and society o Includes beliefs, practices that shape personalities o Shared ideas and practices o Unconscious structures that guide behaviours o Shared symbols o Individual and group identities o Social rituals o Norms and behaviours  All are formed from culture and society Altered States of Consciousness  Bourguignon o Altered states can be a continuum o Starts from REM sleep to possession o Hallucinations as mid point  Culture adds meaning to these experiences o Medical views possession and pathological o Other cultures view it as ceremonial  Wolfgang o Social history of stimulants and intoxicants o Articles of pleasure  A group of substances for human consumption which can be eaten, drunk or inhaled to create pleasures of the senses  Differs from foods that are just consumed as necessities  Intended to create pleasurable effect o Stimulant  Used in history  Not always used for enjoyment  Used for a practical function at the same time  Performance and enjoyment at the same time  The effects on the human body were all planned in spiritual and cultural ways  Brings individuals closer to society because it gives them pleasure o 3 Questions  In what ways have these substances affected human history  What meanings have been attributed to articles of pleasure in certain cultures and particular times?  How have changes in attitudes toward substances been linked to cultural changes? o Must look at historical, cultural, and economic dimensions on how and why people consume certain substances o How are drug and add
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