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1) PHIL 115 Week One.docx

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PHIL 115

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Philosophy Lecture January 10, 2013 Foundationalism Liberalism Utilitarianism T.Hobbes. 1588-1679 J. Locke, 1632-1704 J.J. Rousseau, 1712-1778 I. Kant, 1724-1804 J.S. Mill, 1806-1873 -Mill replies to Kant’s moral philosophy with his ethical theory utilitarianism. -utilitarianism appears as a moral theory which is an alternative to deontology UTILITARIANISM: what matters is the consequences of our actions, not the intent of them. How do we know if the consequences of the action are good or bad? “The greatest happiness of the greatest number” -an action is morally good if the consequences entail the “largest net happiness” or “greatest net utility” -minimize suffering and maximize happiness -utilitarian ethics should be applied to politics to create the most successful form of government -utilitarianism produces a LIBERAL government Liberalism as a political philosophy: -not specific to one philosopher -does not necessarily imply that it’s philosophers are “liberal” -direct response to early modern absolutism -the role of government is not to redesign human nature  instead, build
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