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PSYC 235 Notes Week 8.docx

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Queen's University
PSYC 235
Meredith Chivers

PSYC 235 Notes 05/11/2012 1:25:00 PM *guest lecture * Clinical forensic psychology  Clinical work at interface of psychology/law  Any juncture from riding with police, testifying at trial, offender assessment/treatment  Civil litigation  Fitness/criminal responsibility o Fitness -> fit to stand on trial  Person should not be subject to criminal justice system if they cannot participate in aspects of trial  Only time you can be able to force someone into getting treatment is to make them fit enough to stand trial (injection) -> hospital stay, medication  Criminal responsibility -> under Canadian criminal code  Not just to put someone into prison if they could not understand what was happening during the trial/could not control themselves during the legitimate crime-spree (due to having a mental disorder)  Substance abuse psychosis -> bat salts (eat someone’s face) so on a substance that it completely causes issues  Risk of violence, risk of sexual offending  Youth transfer to adult court o Adolescences having trouble with the law, should not be treated as adults  Dangerous offender/long term offender o Dangerous- committed serious violent offense (usually sexual) and history of this behaviour/little optimism in terms of prognosis (through treatment, etc.) consider to make them a dangerous offender  Lots of diagnostic testing, options for rehabilitation, etc.  Prison for life, release statistics for dangerous offenders are not ever usually released o Long-term -> new term, in between of dangerous/normal  History, yes violent  Possibility for rehabilitation  Not prison for life -> chunk of time, long term supervision  Big city= police units to keep their eyes on these people ASPD (antisocial personality disorder) overlaps with psychopathy  Most common DSM diagnosis (ASPD) o Criterion:  Pervasive pattern of antisocial behaviour across many domains  Not necessarily criminal behaviour  Lying/being deceitful  Break commitments, don’t follow through  Criteria for conduct disorder during adolescence o Pattern of behaviour, manifested in childhood o ADHD as a kid, ODD as a kid o Trouble at school o Young offender system o Trouble with peers/alone  Sounds like a tradition disorder, treated as such o Criteria -> not necessarily mental disorder, more of a label of people who behave in antisocial way  Useful label, is this really a disorder?  Not much brain differences in ASPD than “healthy” brains  Way its defined -> pervasive, persistent pattern o Penitentiaries -> majority of (male) federal inmates meet criteria for ASPD (70% of Kingston pen inmates, 50-60% of other prisons)  Dependent on how to get diagnosed/sentenced  Psychopaths o 20-30% of federal inmates are psychopaths o overlaps with ASPD definition of psychopathy  difference in personality  (Cleckley) case studies describe as charming, likeable, confident, shallow affect, empathetic, lacking in conscience, irresponsible, impulsive  reflected in an enduring pattern of manipulative, deceptive, selfish, parasitic (living off others) behaviour  best current measure is Hare Psychopathy Checklist- Revised Psychopathy diagnostic checklist (Hare Psychopathy Checklist- Revised, PCL- R)  Clinical forensic diagnosis  Emotional/Interpersonal o Glibness/superficial charm o Grandiose sense of self-worth o Pathological lying o Cunning/manipulative o Lack of remorse/guilt o Shallow affect o Callous/lack of empathy o Failure to accept responsibility  Antisocial Lifestyle o Need for stimulation o Parasitic lifestyle(live off others) o Poor behavioural controls o Early behaviour problems o Lack of realistic, longer-term goals o Impulsivity o Irresponsibility o Juvenile delinquency o Revocation of conditional release  Other items o Promiscuous sexual behaviour, many short-term marital relationships, criminal versatility  At least 30/40 items for diagnosis Psychopathy Factoids  Most are male  Earlier onset of antisocial behaviour o Become criminal before school  More extensive criminal histories o Higher frequency of crime, higher range o Nonpsychopathic -> have a particular crime (e.g. breaking and entering)  More instrumental (as opposed to reactive) violence o Reactive=emotional, someone gets upset, reaction to situation  Use weapons more often o More serious injury  More often have male/stranger victims o Most crimes= people you know o Context of accomplishing something  In the laboratory o Process verbal/emotional information differently o Less affected by consequences of actions o Less fearful (e.g. startle reflex) Sexual Offending  Different forms: children, young teens, adults; offline (most research here, traditional) & online (last 10 years, 15 in total, more interest in online sexual interactions, social networks -> males, engage in young girls) , contact (public point of view) & noncontact (exhibitionism -> to upset someone, where turn-on is, voyeurism-> looking through windows (traditional) online-> using webcams, etc.)  Explanations for sexual offending o Opportunistic pathway  Access to victims
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