GEO 210 Lecture Notes - The Who, World Health Organization, Cholera

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Ryerson University
Department
Geography
Course
GEO 210
Professor
Page:
of 3
February 4, 2013
Geo Of danger Feb 4
Cholera:
People with type “O” blood is the most septable to cholera
Type “AB” blood, you are almost immune to cholera
Total number of death from cholera, is approximately 5000, 4600 of those cases are in Africa
Cancer:
Poster to help someone, raise money for cancer treatment, through incentive like food, live
music, and prizes (TVs, Winchester rifle)
Cancer is still the leading concern to most people
Canada has produced a cancer atlas of Canada
There is a cancer atlas of the United States (Picture)
Best way to deal with cancer is to avoid cancer
o Map Cancer and show what the distribution is
o The distribution of cancer, related to the causes of cancer
o Cancer in the states more in the east half of the states
o Why the difference between men and woman, and the distribution
o Counties within the United States (Pics)
o There has been changed in the geographical areas of cancer within those time periods
o Those factors must be environmental, probably not a significant change in the genetics
of those people living there
o Biggest factors, are sex and race
o Breast cancers, patterns have changed
o Age
o Environment seems to keep coming out
o Childhood cancer in Britain, most childhood cancer under age of 16, are the result of
industrial and environmental pollution (analyzed through maps of incidents)
o The environment seemed to be a huge factor in the UK, 300 deaths each year as a result
(Knox)
o Knox suggested, a child born within a kilometer of a major emission
o Breast cancer rate, connected to the environment
o Great Lakes area has a pattern of breast cancer (contaminants) where we dispose to
waste
o Cancer Chart
o Most men will die with prostate cancer
o 3300 new diagnose cancer every week,
o 1500 will die every week of cancer
o Canada’s top 10 of death
Cancer
o 43% of all new cancer cases, will be people over the age of 70
o For young people, the 2 leading causes of death ages 15-34 accidents and suicides
o Cardio vascular disease 1995
o We have made a lot of advances in combating diseases
o There are significant differences in different areas
o What factors are most responsible for it (map of Canada)
February 4, 2013
o Another major threat to Canadians
Heart Attack and Stroke
The risk of Heart Attack is higher on Monday
The WHO (World Health Organization) it estimates, cardio vascular diseases is responsible for 17
million deaths, each year (that figure is applied to the world population)
The WHO believes that cardio vascular diseases as 10% of the number of healthy years lost,
mainly regarding low to middle income countries
18% are contributable to cardio vascular disease
Cardio vascular disease, is a high concern of wealthy countries
Heart attack: the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart, is blocked
Stroke: caused by blockage of blood to the brain (blood cloths)
50 million people suffer a stroke, 1/3 of those people won’t about it, 1/3 find themselves
permanently disabled, final 1/3 die
Smoking is a primary factor in cardio vascular disease, if you smoke there is a 200-300 chance
you will suffer a stroke
Obesity is another leading factor to stroke
Lack of physical activity
Physical inactivity and a healthy diet, is a major risk factor to cardio vascular disease
Psychological stress
o Elizabeth Barnett
o She found that race and geography are major factors in hearth disease, essentially men
over the ages of 35 (1991-1995)
o The population that where most as risk, African-Americans, and the most poorest areas
of the United States
o African-American men, where 26% more likely than white men to die of heart disease
o Almost twice the Hispanic Population
o 300% from the lowest to the highest
o Not just race but income level
o Not only are African-American are to die of cardio vascular disease but they will die at a
younger age
o 40% of men if African-American males will die of cardio vascular disease before the age
of 65
o 21% of white males will die before the age of 65
o Southern diet, is not a diet to prolong life
o Greatest likely hood in Canada, are in the Maritimes
o Smoking, lowest level of activity, lots of risk factors in Maritimes
o A resident of Newfoundland are 40% more likely to die than someone in British
Columbia
o Plaque is a problem
Salt:
1950 japan recognized its salt consumption and managed to cut its stroke rate by 50%
Finland mandated a reduction of salt in food by 30% and reduce by 80%
February 4, 2013
Britain saw all salt was added by industry
Reduced their salt intake to 20-30%

Document Summary

People with type o blood is the most septable to cholera. Type ab blood, you are almost immune to cholera. Total number of death from cholera, is approximately 5000, 4600 of those cases are in africa. Poster to help someone, raise money for cancer treatment, through incentive like food, live music, and prizes (tvs, winchester rifle) Cancer is still the leading concern to most people. Canada has produced a cancer atlas of canada. There is a cancer atlas of the united states (picture) February 4, 2013: another major threat to canadians. The risk of heart attack is higher on monday. The who (world health organization) it estimates, cardio vascular diseases is responsible for 17 million deaths, each year (that figure is applied to the world population) The who believes that cardio vascular diseases as 10% of the number of healthy years lost, mainly regarding low to middle income countries. 18% are contributable to cardio vascular disease.