Processes convert inputs into outputs; they are the core of operations management. Process design: determining the form and function of how goods or services are produced. Make or buy: decide whether to make a part or product in-house or to buy it or a segment of production process from another company. Job shop: a process type used when a low quantity of high-variety customized goods or services is needed. Batch process: a type of process used when a moderate volume and variety of goods or services is desired. Repetitive process: a type of process used when higher quantities of more standardized goods or services are needed. Production line: a sequence of machines/workstations that perform operations on a part/product. Assembly line: a production line where parts are added to a product sequentially. Continuous process: used when a high volume of highly standardized output is required. Automation: using machinery/equipment with sensing and control devices that enable it to operate automatically.