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HIS 105
Art Blake

CLASS 1 Popular culture CLASS 1 Definition: The practices that define us collectively and in distinct groups. Experiences elsewhere, away from home (variation) Making strange-youre taking a look at your own culture whether it is the culture youre living in right now or the history of the formation of your culture youre taking that which seems familiar and you are through questioning it. You are trying to experience it as if it is not familiar. Example, visiting a different country. Youre taking the familiar and making it strange. Canadian culture is influenced by American culture, and also influenced by Britain because Canada used to be a British colony Power culture doesnt just happen, it feels like familiarity. Its just there. Culture is made by a series of power relationships. Class, culture, and power. Have been challenged by women, people of color, and people who are often seen as the white majority. Second class citizen Family nuclear- man, women, kids is a conventional image. It came to be the ideal. This image is an example of how products are marketed. CLASS 2 Early Mass Cultures In the second half of the nineteenth century (1800s), Americans had access to a growing range of entertainment, older entertainment focused on public events, religious festivals, historic occasions, and sometimes events in peoples homes Pre-commercial types of entertainment and amusement were based on agricultural rhythms, dances or parties in their homes etc. Rising number of immigrants arriving in Boston, New York City, Chicago, did not have an urban life before, brought with them habits of communal entertainment Shift of where they lived as well as how people related to each other, no longer apart of a close knit community Working class people reforming their lives with some type of relaxation, amusement or distraction Increasing variety of different types of amusement directed at the new mass audience of immigrants commonly used to communal entertainment In the early 1900s New York had many theaters than any other city in the world Weekly attendance was very high Amusement parks were also built during the last decade of the nineteenth century They provided exciting and glamorous entertainment, because they were built for a specific purpose unlike the entertainment everyone was used to that just happened People who went to Cony Island were largely working class or lower class people Physical experiences of daily lives were echoed in that form of amusement A group of younger artists worked on scenes of every day life in the working class neighborhoods, contemporary life The Ashcan school Commonly referred to as a variety show, was popular in the United States, pay one price and you see more than one act, comedy, somebody singing There were culturally specific forms of entertainment, Chinese Theater, Yiddish Theaters etc. Kinescope machines offered the earliest forms of moving picture entertainment, people watched one by one Most people did not focus on the content of what was in the movie People would pay to say something that they have seen in real life just because they wanted to see moving pictures Both men and women went to the arcades to watch these moving pictures, the majority audience in these penny arcades were male Tension between middle class people and working class people, If people were lucky enough to have steady employment they worked very long hours, poor or working class, everybody in the family was trying to earn money, Middle class was being able to make a division between home life and working life This life was very different from the lives of the people going into the arcades to watch the moving pictures, it wasnt necessarily possible for lower class families to shape their lives around middle class ideals Middle class ideal- woman stays a home, man makes the living and focuses on living outside the home, men would keep money for their own pleasure If women earned money themselves they were less likely to be able to decide what to do with it, because they need to look after the children, feeding the family, providing food for the men etc. History of pop culture refers to general audience, which shifts over time Crowded urban life gave you glimpses of other peoples lives feelings or bodies that you knew wasnt really quite right, and the entertainment industry used experiences from crowded urban life within their industry Short films appealed mostly to the male audience, gave illicit titles like: how girls undress, how girls go to bed, increase the sense that you are seeing something slightly illicit, put signs on the top of the scene that says for men only Want to be apart of something that is both new and a little edgy Eventually sectioned off an area of the back of the arcade, projected the image onto the sheet to make more money, became more and more popular, most common admission price was a nickel Which is why it game gradually to be called Nickelodeon Part of the reason why people are choosing to go to these entertainments because they are reflective of the lives that they are living The movies were silent, you did not have to understand English or understand American culture in order to enjoy the short films Piano players often played at silent viewings Easily consumed by a range of people with a variety of backgrounds because it was easily understood Also the penny theaters were very affordable Population of Manhattan started to move according to class statuses As the city grew their were obvious class divisions among neighborhoods The Notion of culture is usually controversial, culture with a capital C is the best museums, fine art Mass culture is generally created by the working class, the majority of people The very existence of this theory was largely unknown to the upper class and middle class people for many years, which is because the lives that people are living are so separated in the city Before World War 1 there was a period of time that was noted for social reform movements, noted as progressive Europe In response to the very high rates of immigration, high numbers of people living in cramped dirty parts of Manhattan The few members of the middle class who got involved in trying to assist the new immigrants, and address the issues of the ill life amongst the poor, young men and women often lived in shared homes called settlement house in these poor neighborhoods, trying to get to know the people, and provide social assistance Advised them on what foods to feed their children, why women should dres
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