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Lecture 6

Week 6 Lecture GuideT.doc

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SOC 202
Nicole Neverson

Week 6 Culture, Identity, the Body, and Community **We might not take an official break during today’s lecture due to the length of the documentary scheduled for viewing.** Conceptualizing Identity 1) The essentialists  From within  Nature  Claim of objectivity 2) The social constructivists/constructionists  Internal and external relationship  Social relations and power  Subjective 3) Postmodernism/postmodernists  Abandon idea of objectivity - scholars acknowledge we live in post modern times iwht no objective truth, or knowledge that we all can agree on - abandon idea that social world is made in a particular way - different wyas to understand reality - postmodernist tries to get us to think “ whos ojective should we follow?” .. answer is no one’s. 1 - postmoderism is a form of society that is characteristized by advanced identity, technicologyical developments, and the sharing of knowledge Agency  Choice and power - postmoderist believe we have a high degree of agency - ability to choose, think critically, and to understand that even though our world is structured according to politics, economics, limitations.. even tho limits exists, agency tells us that we have the ability to rejecting, speaking out and resisting - agency also means power. Foucault (1979): Identity and Power Discipline and Punish (1979) Power, knowledge and social control - he talked about the relationship between power, knowledge and social control Social control and identity: The panopticon  Prison guards and inmates - in these prisons, prisoners were no longer tortured by prison guards when they do something wrong - the reasoning is bc there is a different system - Foucault says that prisoners are kept in check by the prison system such as:  The panopticon - huge part of prison and how to keep them in check - the panopticon gave them more control then beating ppl up in jail - spotlight in centre of jail, rotating, able to see 365 degr
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