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Urban Sustainability in Toronto.docx

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SOC 470
Cheryl Dyson

11/20/2012 6:12:00 AM Urban Sustainability in Toronto Lecture Outline Cities and Eco-Footprints (Rees reading) Urban Sustainability Urban Sprawl and Smart Growth Oak Ridges Moraine Case Study 1. Cities and Eco-Footprints Cities are often seen as inconsistent with notions of nature. However, cities have become the focal point for concerns about the environment because of: Unrestricted economic growth (i.e. urban development and population growth) Large scale consumption of goods and services These activities drain resources ( i.e. high levels of waste and energy use) that cities depend on => not sustainable. Some environmental concerns in Toronto: air pollutants resulting from car emissions and toxic emissions landfill space is limited rising concerns about climate change urban sprawl and too much suburban low density development Eco-Footprints (Rees, 2010): is a numerical indicator of our lifestyles’ impact on the planet, in terms of scarce land, fuel, and natural resources. A city’s ecological footprint takes into account: the population size; the societal of standard of living; the efficiency of the resource collecting, production; and, also, whether or not, the land and water base is being used locally or imported as part of trade Canadian Ecological Footprints 2. Urban Sustainability Sustainable development is “development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Brundtland, Our Common Future, 1987, p.43) Urban sustainability = seeks to improve the quality of life in the city without permanent damage to the urban environment The 3 E’s => Enviormental, Economy and Equity Urban Sustainability Involves use of the city within its capacity to sustain its cultural and natural significance. Human activities th
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