ARCH 100 Lecture Notes - Machu Picchu, Coricancha, Inca Empire

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Published on 12 Sep 2012
School
Simon Fraser University
Department
Archaeology
Course
ARCH 100
Professor
ARCH 100 April 11, 2011
An Estate in the Clouds: Inka Machu Picchu
The Central Andes: Late Horizon (AD 1476-1534)
The Inka Empire
- Tawantinsuyu “Four parts together”
- Suyu = quarter
What is “Inka”?
- “The” Inka, or sapa Inka (unique Inka), the ruler himself
- “Inka of Royla Blood” – ideal 40,000 who lived in Cuzco itself
- “Inka by Privilege” lived around Cizco, in surrounding valleys
- Vast majority of empire were not called “Inka” at all
Growth of the Empire
- Expansion began in AD 1438
- Less than 100 years
- Rapid expansion of empire
- 10 million people
Mummified Rulers
- Treated as if alive
- Ceremonies, feedings, gatherings.
- Split inheritance
- Each new ruler formed new royal lineage
Inka core: Cuzco
- 3400 metres above sea level
Cuzco
- Noble residences, ceremonial centre
Coricancha
- most famous temple
- maize grown here is used only for ceremonial purposes
Sacsayhuaman
- outskirts of Cuzco
- giant fortification
- big stone masonry blocks ground down to fit each other, to create a big architectural piece of artwork
- used as a military defense pointduring battles
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Document Summary

An estate in the clouds: inka machu picchu. The inka, or sapa inka (unique inka), the ruler himself. Inka of royla blood ideal 40,000 who lived in cuzco itself. Inka by privilege lived around cizco, in surrounding valleys. Vast majority of empire were not called inka at all. Maize grown here is used only for ceremonial purposes. Sacsayhuaman outskirts of cuzco giant fortification big stone masonry blocks ground down to fit each other, to create a big architectural piece of artwork used as a military defense pointduring battles. Modern ecuador, peru, bolivia, northern chile, and northern argentina. Main spine ran from quito, ecuador in north to santiago, chile in south. Whole system of roads come off this. Agricultural lands for temples, royal houses, etc. Chica (corn beer), state provisioning compensation for labour. Located 80 km from cuzco, but in urubumba valley, steep landscape, very remote by today"s standards.

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