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Lecture

ARCH 100 Lecture Notes - Machu Picchu, Coricancha, Inca Empire


Department
Archaeology
Course Code
ARCH 100
Professor
Ross Jamieson

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ARCH 100 April 11, 2011
An Estate in the Clouds: Inka Machu Picchu
The Central Andes: Late Horizon (AD 1476-1534)
The Inka Empire
- Tawantinsuyu “Four parts together”
- Suyu = quarter
What is “Inka”?
- “The” Inka, or sapa Inka (unique Inka), the ruler himself
- “Inka of Royla Blood” – ideal 40,000 who lived in Cuzco itself
- “Inka by Privilege” lived around Cizco, in surrounding valleys
- Vast majority of empire were not called “Inka” at all
Growth of the Empire
- Expansion began in AD 1438
- Less than 100 years
- Rapid expansion of empire
- 10 million people
Mummified Rulers
- Treated as if alive
- Ceremonies, feedings, gatherings.
- Split inheritance
- Each new ruler formed new royal lineage
Inka core: Cuzco
- 3400 metres above sea level
Cuzco
- Noble residences, ceremonial centre
Coricancha
- most famous temple
- maize grown here is used only for ceremonial purposes
Sacsayhuaman
- outskirts of Cuzco
- giant fortification
- big stone masonry blocks ground down to fit each other, to create a big architectural piece of artwork
- used as a military defense pointduring battles
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