Lecture 2.docx

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Lecture 2 Crim 103
May 12
Are people “born bad
Basic assumptions of biological theories
-criminals can be explained by indiv difference
-basic human drives
- also need to examine interaction with the environment
biological traits theories: the early yrs
Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909)- “father of criminology”
- theory of the “born criminals”- genetic throwbacks
- biological determination- physical features that make one look like a criminal
Other early theories
-genetic inheritance
- Dugale (The jukes, 1877)
- Goddard (the Kallikak Family, 1912)
Sheldon’s Somatotypes
Ectomorph- tall, thin, body built, shy, intellectual
Endomorph- round, fat, jolly, friendly
Mesomorph- Muscular, active and more competitive, aggressive
Further somatotypes research
- Glueck andGlueck (1950)
- 60% del. Mesomorph
- 30% del. Endomorph
- Physique unrelated to Crim.
-physique linked “without doubt”
Modern biological theories
- biological “predispositions” and environmental “triggers”- not everyone is equal
- emphasis on biological process- brain functions, mental processes
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