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Hsci 120 - Lecture 1

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Health Sciences
HSCI 120
Carolyn Stewart

HSCI 120 September 8, 2010 Lecture 1 Chapters 1, 2 Sexual Behaviour  Behaviour that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm Types of Media  Cultivation: Idea that what is see in the mass media represents what is really happening Influence  Agenda-Setting: Idea that media define what is important and what is not by which stories they cover  Social Learning: Idea that media provide role models which we imitate Cross-Culture  Culture: Traditional ideas and values passed down from generation to generation by symbols (such Perspectives as language)  Ethnocentrism: To regard one’s own ethnic group and culture as superior as other races and judge based on own group  Incest: Universal taboo where there is intercourse between blood relatives  Sex does not have to be used solely for intimacy, could be for peacemaking, economic, expression of aggression, sense of power Sexual Health  A state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing related to sexuality Sexual Rights  Basic, inalienable rights of sexuality; Right to reproductive self-determination, sexual self-expression and freedom from sexual abuse and violence Evolutionary  Sociobiology: Application of evolutionary biology to understanding the social behaviour of animals Perspectives  Evolution: A theory that all living things have acquired their present forms through gradual changes over successful generations  Natural Selection: Those who survive are better adapted to their environment and pass their genes  Sexual Selection: Mate selection that results from differences in traits for mates – depends on 1. Competition amongst other members 2. Preferential choices by other members  Evolutionary Psychology: Study of psychological mechanisms that have been shaped by natural selection  Kinsey Scale: 0 – 6, 0 being heterosexual and 6 being homosexual Psychological  Libido: Sex drive Theories  Psychoanalytic Theory: Theory by Sigmund Freud which assumes that part of the human personality is unconscious – 3 parts: Id, Ego and Superego  Id: Psychic energy, pa
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