HSCI 307 Lecture Notes - Discrete Category, Post-Structuralism, Operationalization

72 views4 pages
Class 5 Lecture Notes (to compliment the lecture slides) HSCI 307
x Paradigm-Underlying theory/framework that is the foundation for how you create
knowledge; used to talk about different approaches that address research problems.
-Very different approaches exist for how we go about our methods: qualitative vs.
-Distinction that influences the research questions and the way the research is collected
lies within the underlying paradigm.
x Positivism-applies to a paradigmatic, deductive approach; is MEASUREABLE; view data
as neutral, objective, unbiased.
x Interpretivism-used in the qualitative research methods; grounding a new theory in the
issue/problem you are trying to study; postmodernism, poststructuralism, etc. are some
of the two more recent forms of interpretivism; looks at the assumptions we bring to
the work (such as our own values as researchers).
x Qualitative and quantitative is an approach in which we go about a paradigm; it[s like a
hierarchy, for e.g.
Positivist Qualitative
x Measurement: an assessment of a concept; we can measure it with a number; has a
measurement tool to assess what we are measuring.
-We need to understand measurement in order to understand the type of data we need to
collect. How we measure, collect, & assess is different depending on the approach and
paradigm we use. There is no one method that is better than the other.
x Conceptualization: How you analyse the data and develop meaning from it; why does it
mean that? E.g. you want to have a particular experience from the research
x Operationalization: developing specific research questions/procedures into observations,
e.g. how an individual answers questions and what they draw from to do so.
Operational definition: example of crimeYcalculating the amount of time a person has spent in
prison can allow you to determine the severity of the crime they have committed. Point: there
are a number of different ways we can think about criminality; depends on the kind of data you
have to determine your analysis.
-Operational is like a way of quantifying the data (interpreting the data in a numerical,
measureable way). Need to think about what the potential biases in the data are (can get the
Zofficial records[ for criminal behaviour but what if the records are wrong? They might not be
updated or completed according to another individual[s bias, etc.
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.