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PSYC 100 (237)


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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 100
Jaime Palmer

CHAP1 - PSYC = mind (subject) + behaviour (objective) -2 research BASIC – quest for knowledge APPLIED – ‘applying’ basic research to solve practical problems. - 3 perspectives of behaviour BIOLOGICAL – genes, hormones ENVIRONMENTAL - surroundings PSYCHOLOGICAL – our mind, mental processes - Mind – body problem DUALISM vs MONOISM Rene Descartes Thomas Hobes STRUCTURALISM vs FUNCTIONALISM Wilhem Wundt William James : basic elements : purpose - 6 perspectives of PSYC ENVIRONMENTAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, BIOLOGICAL PETER SHAT BRICKS BEHIND HIS COUCH Psychodynamic – FREUD, unconscious, sex aggression/defense mechanism > repression psychological Sociocultural – Culture & Norms, unwritten rules, passed down, collectivism vs individualism environmental Biological – DARWIN (evolution), HEBB (neurotransmitter) natural selection, genes hormones, continuity biology Behavioural – B.F. SKINNER (punishment and reinforcement), WATSON (12 kids), JOHN LOCKE (tabula rasa (blank slate), British empiricism, blank state), PAVLOV (dogs and conditioning) environmental (+COG Behaviourism -> environment -> mind -> behaviour) Humanistic – ABRAHAM MASLOV (hierarchy of needs), Rogers code, self actualization, self worth, + psyc goals, self esteem psychological COG – LIZ LOFTUS (eyewitness testimonies) mental process, attention, memory, gestalt (seeing things as a whole) psychological CHAP2 Scientific attitudes: COGS 1. Curious 2. Open minded 3. Skepticism I HATE TICKLING ASS CRACKS 1. Identify a question. 2. Hypothesis 3. Test 4. Analyze data 5. Conclusion 2 Approaches to studying PSYC 1. Hindsight/after the fact - understanding 2. Understand through prediction control, theory building Characteristics of a good theory - incorporate existing facts - testable - predictions supported by future research - law of parsimony – simpler is preferred - variable: varies - operational def.: translate abstract -> specific procedures: measures observe Measurement techniques 1. self report, reports behaviours 2. PSYC tests 3. overt behaviour – coding system 4. unobtrusive (try not to let people know that you’re there) 5. archival (existing documents)
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