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Lecture 14

HIST 2200Y Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Jewish Question, Majdanek Concentration Camp, Heinrich Himmler


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2200Y
Professor
Antonio Cazorla- Sánchez
Lecture
14

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HIST-2200Y January 22, 2014
World War II and the Politics of Mass Murder
Looking at the War
Britain – resisting the Luftwaffe
Russian – the country that really destroyed the Nazi
American – saving the continent once again
There is no one version of the war
The Nazis in Power
Germany started the war, political regime was the Nazis
The Nazis was a party of the middle class, the elite only joined when the Nazis
came to power
March 5, 1933 the Nazis came into power
Nazis played a great role in violence, most like Protestant than Catholic
Reichstag – Parliament building went up in flames, used to pass a number of
emergency laws that would last the whole dictatorship, laws affect freedom of
speech (violated speech on the phone)
Communist party was immediately banned
Hitler got 40 something of the votes
Enabling Law – main object was to end democratic election and the right to vote,
power went from party to the government
All power was in the hands of the Nazis
After eliminating the communists he went after the socialists
Hitler didn’t accept individual unions
Labor Front – take away individual unions
Banned the Social Democrats party on June 22
Catholic Centre Party was the only one left, he offered the Vatican an offer to
protect Catholicism in Europe, Pope was anti-democratic and pro-German
Pacelli – the Pope who agreed with Hitler
Pious XI – Pacelli’s new name after becoming Pope
July 8 the last independent party did not exist
July 14, 1933 the Nazi party was declared the only political party in Germany
In less than 6 months Hitler completely destroyed democracy
Opened concentration camps for political enemies
Nazis created professional organization (doctors, lawyers) Jews were excluded
Expelled Jewish students and professors, great opportunities for advancement for
Germans
Nuremberg Laws – past September 15, 1935; deprived Jews of German
citizenship, prohibited marriages and sexual relations, the beginning of legal
prosecution of Jews, they were encouraged to immigrate
Kristanllnacht – November 9, 1936; referred to as the night of broken glass, Jews
were arrested and put into concentration camps, police taking over and terrorizing
Wanted to show the strength of Germany
June 30, 1934 Hitler called to murder 100 of his political enemies
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