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Lecture 5

PHIL 1100H Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Rationality, Divine Providence, Habituation


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1100H
Professor
Norlock Kathryn
Lecture
5

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PHIL 1100
Lecture Notes
Week 3
Wednesday, January 25th, 2017
Aristotle
Happiness consists in virtues and external goods
Happiness is valuable in it self
It is the think for which you do all other things
Happiness: Not Entirely Under our Control
Eudaimonia
The highest human good
Living well, doing well, flourishing
The most complete good, inclusive of other goods
Chosen for one’s own sake
Virtue: What We DO
Choice worthy in and of itself [on purpose]
Note that this is compatible with being chosen insofar as it shares in happiness
Happiness presumes some good fortune or luck; virtue is enabled by these but under our
control
Virtue [capital V] is praiseworthy
Happiness includes being blessed
Nichomachian Ethics
What it means to be a human being is that you take part in societal systems so you have
some say in them
‘Now the mass of mankind are evidently quite slavish in their tastes, preferring a life suitable to
beasts,’
What does he mean by beasts?
o It is in your nature to be like every other living thing
o It is also in your nature to have a need for a certain kind of emotional life, desires,
relationships
o We have things in common with beasts [appetites, desires, emotions, affections]
What does he mean by slavish?
o He is not referring to actual slaves, but as a quality
o He is saying how any individual can be someone who gives into any appetite,
desire, emotion, affection
o It does not take any self-directed leadership
o Have the things you feel like having and you are slavish
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