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Lecture 5

Psychology Week 5 Lecture Notes.docx

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PSYC 1030H
Brenda Smith- Chant

Psychology Week 5 Lecture Notes: Personality Theory Midterm Exam – February 14th from 2-3 - Multiple choice 50 to 60 questions - ID, simple calculator, pencil, eraser, hard surface Personality Theory - Unique, characteristic patterns of behaviour - Traits: enduring predispositions that influence our behaviour across situations - Types and traits o provides description o do not explain  Where/how does personality come from?  How does it develop?  Can personality change? - Theories o Freud – psychodynamic  Core to personality  Intrapsychic events, all behaviour motivated  Sometimes aware of these events (conscious)  Often unaware (unconscious)  Id – storehouse of fundamental drive  Superego – societal values  Ego – reality-based aspect of self  Stages  Tension o Satisfy the id need o Adapt within the superego o Creates the ego 1. Oral stage – weaning - Too harsh – mouthy, sarcastic, pessimistic - Too liberal – optimistic, gullible, talks to 2. Anal stage – toilet training - Too harsh – anal retentive, obsessive, neat - Too liberal – anal expulsive, messy, disorganized, dramatic 3. Phallic stage – addressing attraction to opposite-sex parent - electra complex (females) – penis envy 4. Latency – no conflict - focus on same-sex peers 5. Genital stage  Ways to supress demands of the id o Major ego defence mechanisms  Ego defense mechanisms o Pathological (failure to cope with reality)  Conversion (hysterical blindness)  Delusional projection o Immature  Passive aggressiveness  Fantasy o Neurotic  Displacement (to a safer target)  Reaction formation (saying the opposite) o Mature  Sublimation (redirect energy)  Humour  Evaluation of Freudian Theory  Psychoanalytic concepts are vague – not operationally defined  Bad science – cannot reliably predict, can only explain after the fact  Developmental theory – no observation of children o Minimizes child abuse claims  Male bias – they’re considered the norm  Expansions of Freudian Theory  Adler – focus on attempts to move from inferiority to superiority  Horney – challenged Freud’s emphasis on ‘penis envy;’ coined ‘womb-envy’  Jung – focus on collective unconscious; shared social archetypes o Bandura – social learning and modeling o Roger’s – self-concept, free-will, self-actualiza
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