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November 19 Notes.docx

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Francois Larose

ANTHRO LECTURE NOTES NOV 19 - in NA we think of marriage as something only two people are involved in. WHY DO WE STUDY KINSHIP? - kinship determines lines of inheritance (not always about material goods, also about titles and roles you will have to play) - kinship determines social obligations - kinship determines potential marriage partners - kin play important economic, social, political, and religious roles in MOST societies. ie. in many societies, to become an adult, you must go through a rite of passage to become an adult. - just like marriage, kinship is the foundation of societies KINSHIP - you can be related in many ways: CONSANGUINEAL RELATIVES - related by blood AFFINAL RELATIVES - related by marriage (in our society: in-laws) FUNCTIONS OF KINSHIP VERTICAL FUNCTION OF KINSHIP: provides social continuity by binding together a number or successive generations ● used to pass on Education, Tradition, Porperty, and Political Office HORIZONTAL FUNCTION OF KINSHIP: solidifies or ties together a society through the process of marriage. ● used to form alliances with other kinship groups *horizontal and vertical refer to reading a geneology chart. DESCENT - smaller subset of your relatives, the people you will trace your ancestors from, your LINEAGE. - in NA we don't usually distinguish between kinship and descent but most societies do DESCENT - the tracing of kinship relations through birth or rleations with a parent or paretns 1. UNILINEAL DESCENT is a kinship system where the child is related by descent to only one parent (mother or father) 2. BILINIAL DESCENT is a kinship system where the child is related by descent to both parents. UNILINEAL DESCENT SYSTEMS ● PATRILINEAL - father's blood line ● MATRILINEAL - mother's blood line ● AMBILINEAL - choice of either above (usually made by parents) *your own lineage does not change when you marry, only your children's follows the father (patri) or mother (matri) - some societies practice lineage exogamy (this is why some socieites (patri) you can marry your cross cousins and in some (matri) you can marry your parralel cousins) - people have different relationships with their descent group (lineage) than they do with their kinship group - in matrilineal, if a man dies, he passes on his inheritance to his sister's children, not his own. - going back to AVUNCULOCAL RESIDENCE - when a couple gets married, they go live with the GROOM'S MOTHER'S BROTHER. So I would go live with my Uncle Randy when I get married. In some matrilineal descent systems, though the inheritance is passed on through the female line, it is the males who pass it on THROUGH the female line. So I would die and pass on my inheritance to my sister's male children. *If there is no brother, you go to live with the closest male relative in his mother's lineage. *all societies that practice AVUNCULOCAL RESIDENCE are matrilineal, but not all matrilineal lineages practice avunculocal residence (on test) - with Ambilineal, usually the parents decide which lineage you will follow. How do parents make the decision?: whoever you can hope to inherit more from. In ambilineal lineages, one you choose, you cannot change later (when one sid
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