Get 1 week of unlimited access
Class Notes (1,051,544)
CA (601,580)
U of A (16,784)
HIST (284)
HIST111 (14)
Lecture

HIST111 Lecture Notes - Pope Paul V, Pope Urban Viii, Moctezuma I

42 pages100 viewsFall 2013

Department
History
Course Code
HIST111
Professor
Indre Cuplinskas

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 42 pages of the document.
History 111
September 10th, 2013:
Habsburgs:
Define Empire:
- Common political influence
- Disparate sovereign states
- "Rule by a particular group in a political centre over
a diverse and different set of other, often distant,
countries and peoples, generally as a result of military
conquest".
Rise of the Spanish Empire
1. The Growth of the Spanish Empire
- Ferdinand and Isabella
- Ferdinand, King of Castile (1479-
1516) - Isabella, Queen of Aragon (1474-
1504) -marriage in 1469 establishes the
Kingdom of Spain
- Uniting Spain
- personal union between Aragon and
Castile, 1469 due to the marriage of Ferdinand and
Isabella - Together Isabella and Aragon
conquers Granada in 1492
- The effort of uniting Spain was started
as a movement in the 1100's known as Reconquista,
where Christians in Iberia leads the effort to
reconquer the land taken away by the muslims. By
doing so, Spain was split into different principalities.
- Exploring the Atlantic
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

- Christopher Columbus was sent to
find the Atlantic, thereby giving Spain more territory,
SOUTH AMERICA:)
- Charles V (1516-1556
-grandson of Isabella and Ferdinand
- Through his ancestors, Charles V
rules all of Spain and all its empires.
- Charles V was also elected as the
Holy Roman Emperor
- Holy Roman Emperor
- (By 16th century, encompasses most
of Central Europe, with the centre in German
speaking principalities
- Considered the most prestigious
crown in Europe
- Elected by the 7 princes of the
different principalities in the Holy ROman Empire.
- Hundreds of Principalities, ruled by
different Princes
- Philipp II
- Son of Charles V
- Inherits the Western territories of his
father's empire: Spain, Netherlands, Americas
- Married: Queen Mary of England,
which alienated him with England, which later was
broken after Elizabeth II rises to the throne.
2. Ruling the Empire
- A fiscal-military state
-The military revolution
- Increasing use of gunpowder,
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

firearms, cannons
- Larger and more expensive militaries
- Money and Taxation
- Money economy
- Raises taxes in order to wage wars
and built up large militaries
- Successful empires needs to tax
wealth form oversea empires
- Development of bureaucracies
3. Religion of the Spanish Empire
- Catholic Hierarchy
1. Pope
2. Bishops (head of the Catholic church
in different states)
3. Priests (runs the local church)
4. Nuns and Monks (works under the
priest and help him run the local church)
- The Spanish Inquisition
- Established in Spain in 1478
- Religious-secular institution
- Goal is to root out heretics (those who
do not conform to Catholic orthodoxy)
- 30,000 arrested and 2000 were
executed, with all of those arrested tortured
- Protestants, muslims, and regular
Spanish subjects who were homosexuals or
committed adultery were the targets
September 12th, 2013:
Ottoman Empire:
- One of the largest empires during the modern
world and one of the longest continuing empires in the
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version


Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.