NUTR100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Blood Sugar, Insulin Resistance, Immune System

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Include glycogen found in animals and starch and fibre found in plants. Insulin: secreted in response to a rise in blood glucose levels. 3 types of diabetes: type 1: autoimmune disease, body"s own immune system destroys insulin-secreting cells. Infections are more common in patients with diabetes, and amputations may be necessary: u of a" s dr bertram collin was the one who purified insulin. Tools for diabetes management: glycemic index, it is how quickly and how high blood glucose rises after carbs are consumed, it is a ranking of how food affects the glycemic response (relative to glucose) Fibre reduces the risk of coronary heart diseases. Short chain fatty acids influence hormones in the gut that leads to satiety, improve insulin sensitivity, improve barrier function and decreases inflammation. Low carb diets: very beneficial for weight loss, metabolic benefits, improved insulin sensitivity.

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