Sept 26 – Personality and Sport Chapter 2
Personality research examines:
• Psychological characteristics that make people similar to one another
• Psychological characteristics that make people different from one
another (individual differences)
• Personality is about those things that are relatively stable, enduring
• Personality is what makes people different
What “Shapes” Personality?
1.) Genetics – we are born with certain characteristics and genes. Example: we
are just like our moms or dads.
2.) Socio-cultural factors – attitudes towards certain issues in society and culture.
We can tell where certain people are from based on their values and morals.
There is some cultural things that shape our personality and morals. The
culture we come from shapes who we are and our personality, beliefs, and
3.) Rewards and punishment
4.) Unconscious mechanisms
6.) Cognitive processing – its a matter of choice. People choose who they
become for the most part
Issue: to what extent does each factor affect personality development? Nobody
Key Components of Personality
• The psychological core
• Typical responses
• Role-related behaviour Why Study Personality in Sport?
• Need to know what ‘makes people tick’ so that we can:
o find best way to help them reach their goals
o we want to keep athletes off of the ice in certain situations because we
know they will lose their temper
o personality influences who you want for a certain job
o there is no ideal personality
o find best way to help them make greater contribution to the team
Approaches to Studying Personality
1.) psychodynamic approach
psychodynamic theory is a philosophy about normal personality, a
perspective on maladaptive functioning, and a form of therapeutic
Key Assumption: behaviour is shaped largely by unconscious mechanisms
“Dimensions” of Human Personality
Thus, “personality” is viewed as a dynamic set of processes that are often in
conflict with one another
• psychodynamic theory proposes that individuals experience the
present based upon their subjective experiences and subjective
interpretations of the past
• ex. Interpersonal relationships – jim brosnan
• interpretation makes the athlete aware of the unconscious meaning,
source, history, mode or cause of a given psychic event
• personality are composed of the id, ego and superego • internal conflict is based on the ego, id, and super ego
• the id is childish and impulsive and doesn’t think of the consequences.
It operates on the pleasure principle. It wants to increase pleasure and
principle. Ex. You eat a w