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PSYCO 105 (09/24/13) Topic 2: Psych Disorders | Topic 3: Treatment of Psych Disorders

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Eric Legge

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PSYCO 105 (September 24, 2013) Topic 2: Psychological Disorders | Topic 3: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)  Involves impaired or abnormal communication and social interaction  DSM Divides this spectrum into 3 types: o Autistic Disorder o Asperger’s disorder o PDD-NOS(Pervasive Developmental Disorders Not other Specified) Autistic Disorder  Impaired social interaction and communication o Detected early on  Repetitive behaviour/actions seen o Some behaviour may be Obsessive Compulsive (rocking back and forth) Asperger’s Disorder  Similar to autistic disorder but much milder  Impairment is only noticeable in one of the three categories (communication, social interaction, repetitive behaviour/actions) PDD-NOS  Aka “Atypical Autism” because criteria in diagnosing autism are not met o Eg. Late onset, strange symptoms  Some symptoms may be milder, some may be worse Biological Factors of ASD  Highly genetic basis  There is NOT evidence that childhood vaccines increase the risk for autism in children Personality Disorders  Ingrained, inflexible thoughts, feelings, and interpersonal interactions that causes distress or impairs normal functioning  Key features: o Can understand perspectives different from own o Unhappy/depressed o Everyone is crazy except them  Three categories according to DSM o Odd/eccentric  Schizotypal  Less severs schizophrenic symptoms  Strange beliefs and behavious in social interaction (eg. Talking to self)  Paranoid  Distrust (“Everyone is out to get me”)  Reads into everything as hostile, suspicious, sinister  Schizoid  The “loner”  Little interest in other people  Absorbed in thoughts and feelings o Dramatic/Erratic  Antisocial  Poor moral sense or “conscience”  Little to no remorse after hurting others  Manipulation  High risk for developing addictions  Borderline  Unstable emotions (mood swings)  Cycles between seeing people as “all good” or “all bad”  Histrionic  Aka “Attention whore”  Techniques: o Grandiose language o Provocative dress o Exaggerated illness  “Everyone loves me”  Narcissistic  Self-important; superior to everyone else  Good first impression wears thin over time o Anxious/inhibited  Avoidant  Socially anxious/uncomfortable in situations where rejection and criticism are possible  The yearning (for social contact) “loner”  Dependant  Clingy (may become suicidal is break-up is threatening him/her)  Lacking in self-confidence  Does not want to be alone  Obsessive-Compulsive  “Perfectionist”  Everything has to be done his/her way to be ‘right’  Inflexibility/high standards  Low efficiency  ~14.8% of US citizens have the symptoms for at least one personality disorder “Special” Personality Disorder  Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) o Disregard and violation of other people’s rights o Begins i
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