Apr 4, 2014
• Deviance Continuum
o church: less strict, high variability in participation, churches are founded on
expansion/expanding their membership
o cult/sect: emerging religion. Cult membership become part of their master status.
Antagonistic of society.
• Max Weber “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism”
o Charismatic authority.
o Adding & critiquing Marxist theory of capitalism, adding a cultural element to
why capitalism emerged in northern Europe > protestant ethic
o Became more and more concerned with sin and wasting money (sin to buy
extravagant things, be wasteful). Unintended consequence people saving their
money, reinvest, generate profit and build capital. Invest spiritually in hard work
and collection of money as a spiritual pursuit to get to heaven.
• Legitimate Authority
o Is the basis of legitimate political leadership (legitimate because members
agree/believe in the authority) especially during crisis situations
o Traditional Authority (inherited) – tradition is basis of authority (e.g., monarchy).
Legitimate because it has always been and always will be
o LegalRational Authority (rule of law) – is legal and democratically agreed upon
and is rational/makes sense is the key justification for legitimate authority
o Charismatic authority (based on “mystical” qualities of leader) – basis is different
than the other 2. Relationship between authority figure and followers.
• Limits of Rationality
o One reason that the full force of Weber’s ideas has not been recognized is that
they ultimately implicate the limits of rationality – the very foundations of
Western thought. Science ignores those limits, and it is at those limits that the
supernatural erupts. – George Hansen
o This is why mysticism still exists and science hasn’t totally taken over churches. • Charismatic Authority
o Charisma: someone believed to have divine quality (similar to cult of personality)
o People beli