Even when we do not realize it, we are using theories every day in explaining. Can there be an atheoretical anthropology? social reality to ourselves and to others. All descriptions of social phenomena are based on social theory, even if covertly. There is a huge gap between academic theorizing and the accepted premises on which is based around development practitioners. The challenge for a public anthropology is to be able to make our current understanding of the way things were pertinent in the solution of various social problems. Methodology rules about making true descriptions of observable data. Theory- explanatory framework for understanding data based on a representation of. However we work to isolate these elements, it is clear that data, methodology and theory shape each other. We accept that disciplines have their own internal integrity but also disciplines are shaped by social circumstances and the political and economic constraints of the moment.