NUTR 3070 Lecture Notes - Logic Model, Social Cognitive Theory, Clarity

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Nutrition
Course
NUTR 3070
Professor
Intervention Mapping
Planning approach based on:
- Developing theory and evidence-informed programs
- Ecological approach
- Community participation (include key steak holders)
1. Theory & Evidence
o Theory to describe factors to achieve change
o Theory to protect against type 3 error (protect against implementing
a poorly conceptualized program)
o Theory in problem-solving (it is practical & solves problems)
2. Ecological Models
o Health is a function of individuals and environments
Family, social networks, community; need to be changed to
change behaviours
o Various environmental levels
o Program may be aimed at any ecological level
May focus on school, family, etc.
o “Agents” at each level
Change agents, decision makers, people that make change
happen.
Ex: to change a childs behaviour you need to change
agents (parent/teacher) behaviour
3. Community Participation
o Reflects concerns for community
o Greater expertise
o More acceptable interventions
If you involve them in process they are more likely to comply
6 Steps to take when using an intervention mapping approach
1. Needs Assessment
o Epidemiological, behavioral and social analysis of at-risk group or
community and its problems
o Understand the character of the community (context, strengths of
community, etc.)
Tasks
o Establish a participatory planning group
o Conduct a needs assessment
o Assess community capacity
o Specify program goals for health & quality of life
2. Matrices of Change Objectives (objectives about what we want to change)
o Who and what will change
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o Matrice of ecological levels that combines performance objectives for
each level with determinants to produce change objectives
Tasks
o State outcomes for behavior and environmental change
o State performance objectives
o Select important and changeable determinants
o Create a matrix of change objectives
3. Theory-based Methods and Practical Applications
o To change determinants
o Method: Process by which theories postulate and research provides
evidence for how change may occur in behaviour
Ex: modeling
o Application: Way of organizing, operationalizing, and delivering
methods
Tasks
o Generate program ideas with planning group
o Identify theoretical methods
o Choose program methods
o Select or design practical applications
o Ensure that applicants address change objectives
4. Program Production
Tasks
o Consult intended participants & implementers
o Create program themes, scope, sequence, and materials list
o Prepare design documents
o Review available program materials
o Draft program materials and protocols
o Pretest or pilot test program materials and protocols
o Produce materials and protocols (final production)
5. Program Adoption and Implementation
o Developing a matrix like that done in step 2
o Product is plan for accomplishing program adoption and
implementation by influencing behaviour of individuals or groups
who will make these decisions
6. Evaluation Planning
o Effect evaluation
Effectiveness of program
o Process evaluation
How was program planned (how many brochures handed out)
Tasks
o Review program logic model
o Write effect evaluation questions
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Document Summary

Family, social networks, community; need to be changed to change behaviours: various environmental levels, program may be aimed at any ecological level. May focus on school, family, etc: agents at each level. Change agents, decision makers, people that make change happen. Ex: to change a childs behaviour you need to change agents (parent/teacher) behaviour: community participation, reflects concerns for community, greater expertise, more acceptable interventions. If you involve them in process they are more likely to comply. 6 steps to take when using an intervention mapping approach: needs assessment, epidemiological, behavioral and social analysis of at-risk group or community and its problems, understand the character of the community (context, strengths of community, etc. ) Ex: modeling: application: way of organizing, operationalizing, and delivering methods. Tasks: generate program ideas with planning group, identify theoretical methods, choose program methods, select or design practical applications, ensure that applicants address change objectives, program production. How was program planned (how many brochures handed out)

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