POLS 3370 Lecture Notes - Underfunded, Municipal Solid Waste, Paradigm Shift

155 views20 pages
Environmental Politics
Public Perceptions and the Impact of the Media
Targeting the Policy Process
- Agenda setting
- key setting in the policy process
- sets the trajectory of policy
- interests are institutionalized
Agenda setting: broad overview
- Recognition of problem by government
- Individuals and groups vying for attention of public officials and policy makers
- Demands and interests are articulated by lobbyists
Agenda setting: key questions:
- How are decisions made?
- How does a government respond to preliminary demands?
- How are demands articulated?
* don’t over-theorize
Theoretical perspectives on public involvement
- Two primary approaches:
- Liberalism
- Elitism
Liberal approach to public participation
- Dominant approach in a democracy
- Clear theoretical chain of progress
Agenda setting cycle: Liberalism
- Policy agenda voter preferences media exposure and lobbyists elected representatives
Elitist Approach to public participation
- Closed-door approach
- can shut out other government entities
- Apathetic population
- Limited attention cycle
- Kyoto, 2008/09
- Reduced levels of public involvement
- complete opposite of the US
Alternative Agenda setting typologies
- Key actors
- State
- Market
- Society
- Key question
- How do the interests of these 3 actors converge?
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 20 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- converge in many different ways to form different policy outcomes
The State
- Federal/provincial government
- The executive
- Elected legislatures
- The judiciary
- The bureaucracy
- Unitary vs. Federal systems
Agenda Setting and the State
- Political grandstanding
- Allows one level of government/party/politician to blame another for a series of issues
- Public inquiries
- Environmental taskforces
Public Inquiries
- Discretion of government
- Impacts multiple ministries and governments
- Subject to political, economic, and social pressures
- Examples:
- Oil sands
Environmental Taskforces
- Discretion of government
- Planning, consultation, conflict resolution
- Response to environmental conflict between different groups and interests
- Examples:
- Toronto Island Airport, Downsview Park, Toronto Waterfront
The Market
- Campaign contributions
- More prevalent in the US
- Lobbying
- Advertising
Society
- Pre and post-industrial age dynamics
- Economic diversification
- Rising levels of education and affluence
- Post-materialism
- Impact of NGOs
Non-government organizations
- Greenpeace
- Suzuki Foundation
- Sierra Legal Defence Fund
- Canadian Environmental Law Association
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 20 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
NGOs in Action
- Petitions
- Protests
- Civil Disobedience
- Parliamentary Deputations
NGOs Strategies
- The role of dual politics
- Indirect/direct impact
- Public oriented activism
- Key barriers to effective action
- Access to the political process
- Education now plays a key role
Relative Levels of Influence
- Utopian vs. Realistic Scenario
- Utopian: Society has the dominant say
- Realistic: Market has the dominant say, society has the smallest
Politics Responding to the Market
- Governments are more attuned to the needs and principles of the market
- Reduction of environmental standards
- Walkerton
- Regionalism
- Alberta, Oil and Kyoto
- Uncertainty of scientific fact
- Economy takes precedent: tangible
NGOs and Public Education
- Education provides a feedback loop
- Policy concerns articulated to public
- Increased public support for new environmental initiatives
- Increased levels of mobilization
- Greater political influence through electoral success
Three Waves of Environmentalism
- First wave: postwar era, 1950s onwards
- Second wave: mid-to-late 80s
- Third wave: 2000-present
From Conservation to Environmentalism
- Conservation movement
- Protection of habitat and wilderness
- Environmental movement:
- Three spheres of concern
- Pollution
- Biodiversity
- Sustainability
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 20 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class