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March 21.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

March 21, 2013 – PSYCH 2310 Model of Human Agression (Geen) -Gender- males -Personality- -Where you come from- culture -South Africa is more aggressive -Norway is less aggressive Violence Around the World: (2002) -El Salvador: highest level of homicides -Japan: lowest level of homicides -Canada: peaceful- -US: highest level of homicides in Developed Countries Frequency of Violence -Stats on murder rates according to Interpol -Norway .9 per 100,000 -Canada 1.8 per 100,000 -USA 5.6 per 100,000 -Russia 22.0 per 100,000 -South Africa 55.9 per 100,000 -New Guinea 683 per 100,000 (highest levels documented) What makes these societies so different? -cultural differences not genetic Types of Violence -Types of violence differ across culture: -USA: gun related violence and it tends to involve individuals rather than groups -Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe and parts of South Africa: groups attacks in political, ethnic, tribal conflict form -Europe: violent mobs during “football” -a phenomenon referred to as “football hooliganism” Nonviolent Societies -Balinese (Indonesian island of Bali)- the least violent people in the world -Inuit (Arctic regions) -Tibetan Buddhist society in northern India -Zapotec (Native American society in Southern Mexico) -these societies oppose competition and have strong values of togetherness Ecology & Aggressive Behaviour -Turks live in Pacific island: -men are violent fighters, compete with one another in physical contests and are protective of women -men father children at a young age and women are expected to stay home and care for them -fish in open sea- survival depends on being fearless -Tahitians live in Pacific island: -men are peaceful and cooperative and do not overprotect their women -women are not expected to be submissive and men are not expected to be aggressive -fish in lagoons: plenty of fish therefore no need to fish in open seas and be fearless -life is easier: therefore less need to be aggressive Subjective Cultures -Simbu of New Guinea -positive attitudes about aggression -highly competed- fighting all the time amongst tribes -high status is associated with being male, violent, competitive and loyal to the men’s group -women are submissive and men are dominant/powerful- these roles are highly expected -there is a shortage of land- source of frustration that causes aggression/anger (little signs that things are going to get better) -Semai in Malaysia -negative attitudes toward aggression -nurturance is valued, friendly, people share their resources -no police -live in the rain forest- resources are plenty therefore no need for competition Subcultures within a Country -Greater rate of violent crime among those b/w 14-24 -majority of murders are intra-racial (happens within one ethnicity) -1/40 black
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