PSYC 2310 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Mania, Psychopathology, Dsm-5

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What is a psychological disorder: (cid:862)a ps(cid:455)(cid:272)hologi(cid:272)al d(cid:455)sfu(cid:374)(cid:272)tio(cid:374) (cid:449)ithi(cid:374) a(cid:374) i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual asso(cid:272)iated (cid:449)ith distress or impairment in functioning and a response that is not typical or culturally e(cid:454)pe(cid:272)ted(cid:863) Dysfunction: breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning. Distress: (not needed for some disorders i. e. manic episode in bipolar) Widely accepted system for classifying psychological problems and disorders. Dsm contains diagnostic criteria for behaviors that: fit a pattern (prototype, cause dysfunction or subjective distress, are present for a specific duration. How to understand abnormal behavior (3 parts) Major psychological disorders have existed: across cultures, across periods. Hypothesized causes and resulting treatment of abnormal behavior varied widely: across cultures, across time periods, due to prevailing paradigms or world views. Three dominant traditions include: supernatural, biological, and psychological. Deviant behavior: a battle between good and evil: tumultuous period chronicled by historians of the 14th c. Demons and witches: predominant thoughts during 14th and 15th c, madness and evils cause by witches and sorcery.

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