PSYC 2310 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Waxy Flexibility, Stressor, Bipolar Disorder

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The demonological view: abnormal behaviour due to supernatural forces deviance= work of devil trephination: removal of piece of skull to release demon from brain killing of witches (anyone with psychological disorder) Hippocrates suggested mental illnesses to be diseases like physical disorders. General paresis: disorder characterized by mental deterioration. Sigmund freud"s theory now explained deviance in 1900s, freud convinced psychological disorders unresolved childhood conflicts. Depression, etc without loss of contact from reality: neuroses. Stressor: some recent/current event requiring person to cope. Defining and classifying psychological disorders: abnormality largely social judgement behaviour judged to be psychological disorder 1. distressing to person/others 2. dysfunctional, maladaptive, self-defeating 3. socially deviant arousing other"s discomfort not attributed to environmental causes. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition (dsmv- Iv), most widely used diagnostic classification system information represented along five axes. Axis 2: long standing personality/developmental disorders (could influence behaviour and response to treatment)

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