SOC 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham, Burglary

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Classical thought: early influences: a. cesare beccaria b. jeremy bentham c. utilitarian philosophies. We all have free will c. people choose behaviours d. people also fear punishment e. methods of crime prevention. Importance of rationality c. punishment can deter crime d. general vs. Specific deterrence e. three dimensions of punishment: i. severity ii. People are rational by nature c. economic ideas of behaviour d. maximization of benefits/rewards e. avoid costs of crime. Benefits can be tangible (money) or intangible (thrill, peer respect) Research on rational choice: a. derek cornish and ronald clarke b. The importance of decisions in crime c. criminal involvement, criminal event and income (does crime pay?) d. burglary: selection of good areas and targets. Assumes rationality of offenders c. motives of offenders d. condition 1: motivated offenders e. condition 2: suitable targets f. condition 3: absence of a capable guardian.

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