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Lecture 31

ANTH 1210 Lecture 31: Lecture 31

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ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

Oc78 Chronology in archaeology: Time scale Chronology (study of time) Greek: Kronos = time logia = study of 2 types of dating: Relative dating: dating relatives Dates something relative to something else older than this, younger than that Most sites use relative dating Absolute (chronometric) dating: Provide a move or less exact date A measure of historical accuracy Based on solarlunar years 3 Types of Relative Dating: Startigraphy Based on sequence of deposits Stratum (strata) layer Stratum has a tendency of uniformity of texture, composition and colour Basic principle of stratigraphy is superposition (what is on top is later, on bottom is earlier) Tel: layers, living one on top of the other, approach not simple Fossils: Remains of organisms Twodimensional imprint (leaves, molds) Threedimensional (bones, bacteria) Organic (made from an organism something that was alive) Artifacts: Culturally made or modified items (bone tools, stone tools, ceramics) Crossdating Artifactsfossils in layers Look for changes over time Index fossils (artifacts) Indicators of time periods
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