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Chapter 4

ANTH 1210 Chapter 4: Topic 41
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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1210
Professor
Haskel J.Greenfield
Semester
Fall

Description
o982 Greek Kronos, Logia Relative Dates something relative to something else Older than this, younger than that Absolute (chronometric) Provides a more or less exact date A measure of historical accuracy Based on solar year Relative Dating Stratigraphy Crossdating Seriation Stratigraphy Based on sequence of deposits layer cake Stratum (strata) = layer Stratum has a tendency of uniformity of texture, composition and color Basic principle of stratigraphy = superposition What is on top is later (younger), what is on bottom is earlier (older) Tel layer cake, approach not so simple Example, Megiddo Armageddon, Revelations (New testament) Dating with fossils and artifacts Fossils = remains of organisms, 2 dimensional (imprint leaves, molds), 3 dimensional (bones, bacteria) Artifacts = culturally mademodified items (bone tools, stone tools, ceramics) Artifacts can become fossilized CrossDating Artifactsfossils in layers Look for changes over time
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