Cartwright: dreams may symbolize present life concerns, may be involved in
resolving/coming to terms with currnt life problems.
x: Emotional dreams associated with faster recovery from a bad divorce.
-Dreams permit people to make sense of overwhelming situations without
Mental Clean-Up & Updating: sleep may provide opportunity for:
1.Eliminating useless information learned during the day.
2.Establishing new connections to accommodate new learning and
storing important experiences in memory.
-Dreams reflect a sorting and scanning process needed to deciding what
info from the day is important and what can be discarded.
Hobson & McCarley:
Activation-Synthesis Theory- during REM sleep, random neural messages are
sent from the Pons (in the brain stem) to sensory and motor areas in the cortex
of the brain. The cortex tries to synthesize (make sense) of this activity, leading
*At different times dreaming
could be: -Wish Fulfillment
-Carry over from daytime problems/concerns. -
Reflection of Brain Activity (random or mental)
WAKING INFLUENCES ON CONCIO