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PSYC1200 02 28 2014.docx

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University of Manitoba
PSYC 1200
Debra Lall

PSYC1200 02 28 2014 Evaluation of Type and Trait Theories Advantages: • type and trait theories describe people's personalities by identity qualities that are most lasting or characteristic of a person Disadvantages: • type and trait theories do not explain how behaviour is generated or how it develops • type and trait theories only portray a static view of personality as it currently exists Paul Costa and Robert McCrae use FactorAnalysis • concepts seems to mount in Five-Factor Model (Big Five) • Table 13.2 (pg. 432) March 24th, Test #5 on textbook and lectures (hard test) Psychodynamic Theories • Psychodynamic Personality Theories  personality is shaped by and behaviour is motivated by powerful inner forces • Freudian Psychoanalysis  self-preservation  egos Drives and Psychosocial Development • Concepts of Libido • 5 stages of Psychosexual Development  oral  anal pre- genital stage  phallic  Oedipus and Electra complexes  concept of fixation  latency (quiet time - dormancy)  defence mechanism develop  genital Freudian Psychoanalysis • Psychic Determinism  mental and behavioural reactions are determined by previous experiences • Unconscious  stores repressed urges and primitive impulses  determinants or our thoughts, feeling and emotion are store • Id • Ego • Superego Structure of the Personality • The Id  primitive, unconscious part of the personality  Pleasure Principle • The Superego  internalization of society's values, standards, and morals  morality -value system is stored  ego ideal - kind of person one should strive to be • The Ego  self-preservation activities  directing instinctual drives and urges into appropriate channels  Reality Principle Ego: conscious; contact w/ the outside world Superego: preconscious; material just beneath the surface of awareness Ego: Unconscious; difficult to retrieve material; well below the surface of awareness Repression and Ego Defences • Repression  the psychological process that protects an individual from experiencing extreme anxiety • Ego Defence Mechanisms (Read Table 11.3)  Denial of Reality  refusal to recognize or acknowledge a threatening situation  Displacement  expressing feelin
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