SOC 3391 Lecture Notes - Hidden Curriculum, Thomas Theorem, Publication Bias

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3 Feb 2013
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Flexible self:
-people’s identities change faster today
-due to factors such as globalization and technological innovations
-when exposed to cultural aspects, people are constantly modifying themselves
Agents of socialization (significant others):
-family-mastering basic skills
-school-critical for secondary socialization
Conflict theorists-suggest school have a hidden curriculum that teaches children how to behave in society after
they graduate
-visible curriculumread information, learn it, be tested on it
-must have discipline and motivation
-reason why employers like people who have university degrees
-siblings, parents, teachers
-if a teacher treats students w/ respect and as if they are smart, students will respond that way
-Thomas theorem: situations we define as real become real in their consequences
-peers, peer groups, religion, sports teams
-peer groups: critical, made up of individuals of the same age, similar status (recognized position in society)
-will acquire peer groups as they go through life
-help children and adolescents separate from families and become independent
-sports teams: it teaches you to subordinate (place at a lower level) your personal self interest for the group
-it allows you to commit yourself to some super-ordinate goal (a goal larger than yourself, above
individual’s interest)
-commit yourself to a group goal, to society etc.
-the mass media: can reach millions of people in an instant, its global
Marshall McLuhanglobal village=the world of today passes information around at the same rate as the old
traditional village
-modern media had turned the world into a global village
-mass media creates pop culture=COCA colonizationthe spread of American popular culture around the world
-modern music comes from America (popular music)
-its new (only since 1950s)
-violence in the mass media, does watching violent popular cause people to be violent?-->NO
Continuity/Discontinuity
-sometimes the agents of socialization preach/carry different messages
-when agents carry the same message = CONTINUITY
-when agents carry different messages = DISCONTINUITY
Role straininconsistent role expectations attached to the same status = discontinuous
Role conflictstatuses have conflicting role expectations
Nature vs. Nuture debate
-focused on effect of race, biology and intelligence
-Hereditariansbelieve that race has an impact on intelligence
-they are a distinct minority in the social science community
-most reject this view b/c race is fiction, it is socially constructed
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