The Christian Liturgical Year Practices in Christian Faith, Modernity, Modern Theology

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RS#110##101:#Lecture#13#
The$Christian$Liturgical$Year$$
Tuesday,#November#2,#2010#
#
; Advent:#beginning#of#the#Christian#year#(four#Sundays#before#Christmas)##Latin:#“Coming”#of#
Jesus#
; Christmas:#celebration#of#birth#of#Messiah.#Nothing#to#do#with#celebrating#the#birth#of#Jesus#
; Epiphany:#“Appears”##Coming#of#Jesus#and#remembering#His#birth#
; Lent:#focuses#on#death#and#resurrection#of#Jesus#(40#days#before#Easter##Ash#Wednesday)##
; Good$Friday:#crucifixion#of#Jesus##most#holy#day#
; Easter:#Jesus’#return#to#life##resurrection##
; Pentecost:#Giving#of#God’s#spirit##
#
TWO#KEY#PRACTICES#IN#THE#CHRISTIAN#FAITH#
; Baptism##
o Child#Baptism:#act#of#entire#community#and#parents#believe#that#God’s#grace#will#
affect#the#child.#Faith#of#the#child#is#not#perquisite##
o Adult#Baptism:#adult#have#to#decide#on#their#own##
; Eucharist,#Lord’s#Supper,#Communion,#Passover##
o Sign:#sacraments,#believe#that#these#are#signs#of#God’s#invisible#grace###
o Symbol:#Jesus’#saying#during#Passover.#Bread:#body.#Wine:#blood##
#
MODERNITY#
; Textual#Criticism##
o Scientific#questioning#of#biblical#texts.#Natural#vs.#Supernatural#
; Vatican#1#(1869;1870)#
o Response#to#secularization#and#scientific#advancement#in#the#world##
o Old#traditions#upheld##
o Papal#infallibility#spelled#out#and#maintained##
!
!"#$%&'()")*+,-.'/0123401567'
Essence#of#Christianity#
; Religion#is#process#of#self;deception#
; Projection#of#hopes,#fears,#onto#higher#bring##
; God#does#not#exist#therefore#religion#is#an#illusion#
; Idea#of#projection#taken#further#by#Marx#and#Freud##
; Influenced#the#entire#Western#traditions##
#
(*%)#*%-.'8%)9:;-.)'/013340<227'
Bitter#skepticism#against#Christian#faith#
; The#Antichrist,#Thus#Spoke#Zarathustra#
; Religion#is#irrational,#pre;enlightened##
; New#humanity,#the#notion#of#“overman”#
; Full#affirmation#of#life##religious#people#deny#to#truly#live#in#the#midst#of#life##
; “God#is#dead”#slogan#
; He#died#in#loneliness#and#mental#despair##
#
=,*>'?,*9.'/011@40<@17'
; Most#important#20th#century#theologian#
; Reacted#against#Cultural#Protestantism#grounded#in#liberal#theology#
; Wrote#theological#commentary#on#Romans!(1919)#
; “Taking#rational#trouble#over#the#mystery”#
; The!Church!Dogmatics!#
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