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University of British Columbia
PHIL 102
Dominic Mc Iver Lopes

practice exam question: what’s a deductive argument? -(you are to evaluate the argument on the basis that) an argument where the premises are designed to guarantee the conclusion thesis: S’s death is bad for S objections from Lucretius: 1. S is harmed by a state only if S exists when it occurs 2. S is harmed by a state only if S experiences it 3. prenatal nonexistence does not harm S these all follow the same assumption: 1. for S to be dead is for S to not be alive (S doesn’t exist) 2. there’s no state S is in when S is dead 3. S’s death is intrinsically bad for S iff it deprives S of the intrinsic goods of life (being bad for S=harming S) Is this third assumption true or false? Does death deprive S of the intrinsic goods of life? note: this is an objection-reply format, which is super common in philosophy and is meant to refine the proposed theory Nagel thinks that the thesis is true simple goods are not the only type of good that exists -the objection assumes that all intrinsic goods are simple goods -the third assumption only works if you think of intrinsic goods as simple goods -however, some intrinsic goods aren’t simple, but are relational (simple goods is not the term used by Nagel) Simple goods is a state whose goodness consists in S’s experience of
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