▯ -theory of right action (justiﬁes the rule)
▯ -theory of practical reasoning
▯ ▯ -principle/norm (motivational, desire-like)
▯ ▯ -fact(s) and action
-comes from greek deon: duty
-a right action is not the same thing as an action that maximizes good consequences
▯ -it could be, but that would be a ‘happy coincidence’ and isn’t necessary
-the ‘rightness’ of the action is independent of consequence
-a right action is an action done in accordance with a moral duty/rule/norm
-what about exceptions and conﬂicting rules?
-where do these rules come from, what justiﬁes the rules?
▯ -answer 1: the rules model moral practices (eg. WD Ross)
▯ ▯ -problem: our moral practices can be corrupt