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Lecture 18

CRM1301 Lecture 18: Apr. 7, 2017

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Carolyn Gordon

Julia Quast CRM 1301 C April 7 , 2017 Sociological Positivism Continued Society is made up of institutions that are interdependent Mechanical Solidarity: - Small - Homogenous - Traditional/primitive - Family/agriculture - Not technologically developed - Face to face interaction - Differences are discouraged - Same perspective, living conditions, goals - Fulfill same social roles - Easily replaceable - Religious - Family Source of Solidarity: - The collective conscience - Working toward common goal - A totality of beliefs and sentiment common to average citizens of the same society - Approach to punishment is repressive - Examples to send message to other members of community Organic Solidarity: - Population boom - Heterogeneous - People are not alike (different) - Lots of people - Technology - Increasing specialization in occupations and the jobs within those occupations - We depend on others for survival - Mechanical = similar - Organic = different - Punishment is restitutive (restore) - Pre-crime state (all kinds of law) Rapid Social Change: - Durkheim believed that members of western society are exposed to the risk of anomie (society without law) - Social/moral values/norms are confused, unclear, or not present - We need society to regulate us - Anomic state = intellectuals
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