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Class 5 Total Institutions.docx

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Justin Piche

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Total Institution Overview • Bridge-in Exercise • Review Degradation Ceremonies (Garfinkel, 1956) Prisonization (Clemmer, 1958[1940]) • Pains of Imprisonment (Sykes, 1958) Types of deprivation Modes of adaptation • Total Institutions (Goffman, 1961) The mortification process The privilege system Some lines of adaptation Prisoner culture Re-entry barriers • Bridge-out Exercise Review Degradation Ceremonies (Garfinkel, 1956) Social processes that destroy one’s identity and replaces it with another Prisonization (Clemmer, 1958[1940]) A social process whereby a new prisoner comes to adopt the culture of the carceral milieu Sykes (1958) Pointing to the number of ways that incarceration has experienced this as type of harm. Writing about prison in the US, increasing the focus of prison. Shows some of the ways that prison undermines its own objectives – how people experience the incarceration process, not how it helps with rehab but dehabilitation. Pains of Imprisonment TYPES OF DEPRIVATION CHARACTERISTICS OF PAIN Liberty Rejection from society Separation from loved ones Loss of civil rights Goods and services Lack of access to amenities Separation from possessions that define one’s identity Stigmatization of poverty Heterosexual relationships Lack of desired sexual relationships Sexual victimization Sexual confusion as it relates to one’s identity Autonomy Institutionalized dependency Lack of self-determination Lack of transparency regarding institutional decisions Humiliation Security Threat of violence Behavioural instability Pains of Imprisonment: Modes of Adaption Physical Withdrawal Psychological Withdrawal Rebellion / Innovation Persuasion Becoming ‘Collectivistic’ Becoming ‘Individualistic’ Goffman (1961) Total Institutions Defined “Their encompassing or total character is symbolized by the barrier to social intercourse with the outside that is often built right into the physical plant, such as locked doors, h
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