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CRM3312 (86)
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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM3312
Professor
Kenneth Campbell
Semester
Fall

Description
Restorative Justice in Canadian  approaches to youth justice Canadian origins of restorative justice (RJ) • RJ reconstructs notions of crime and justice, focusing on: o Harms, healing, intervention with those affected o Obligations to make things right are mutually agreed upon processes  Victim has to agree o Seen as “flavour of the month” o Conflict resolution of this nature occurred in aboriginal communities prior to colonization o Based on co­operation, harms create need for healing Current Practices • Traditional aboriginal teachings vary • Many communities have resurrected traditional justice practices • Outside aboriginal communities: o Victim offender reconciliation programs o Community justice initiative association o Sentencing circles o Involve facilitators, preparation, all involved in the offence Family Group conferences (FGCs) • Based on Maori, aborigine traditions of New Zealand • Now legislated in Children, Young Persons and their Families Act (1989) • Involves wrongdoer, victim, and supporters, social workers, and other interested parties • Has to be an admission of guilt • RCMP in BC experimented with FCGs • Offers training in “community justice forums” – directed toward youth in conflict with law o Police are running these, in New Zealand it doesn’t have official police involvement • Involves activities outside the formal court process • Referrals are made by police, courts • Offender must accept responsibility • Pre­conference meeting before meeting together, neutral facilitator o Assess where people are at, are victims afraid, etc • Participants respond to themes: o What happened according to you? o How did it affect each person? How did it affect you and what can be done to repair that  harm? o Victim impact statements don’t ask what can be done to help them Tenets of retributive justice • How can you understand restorative justice within the confines of a retributive system (ours) • Modern responses to crime are premised on: o We are reasonable people o Tend to pursue pleasure and avoid pain •
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